Republic Day 2023: Historical past, Options and All You Must Know About Indian Structure

Final Up to date: January 24, 2023, 10:16 IST

Chief of Opposition within the state Meeting V D Satheesan hit out on the controversial remarks.(Picture: Shutterstock)

Republic Day 2023: The Structure of India lays down the distinctions within the political energy construction within the nation between the Centre and the states.

HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY 2023: January 26 marks the date on which the Structure of India got here into impact in 1950 and is well known as Republic Day. On this date, India grew to become a sovereign nation free from the British Monarchy. On the anniversary of Republic Day, we have a look at some key details in regards to the Indian Structure.

Historical past

The Structure of India grew to become the supreme legislation of this nation, changing the Authorities of India Act of 1935, tailored from the Parliament of the UK. After India’s independence from British rule in 1947, The Constituent Meeting of India obtained elected to create the Structure of India. It was handed and adopted on November 26, 1949, and got here into power on January 26, the next 12 months.

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The Drafting Committee was headed by its chairman, Dr. BR Ambedkar, the jurist, economist and social reformer who labored to uplift the Dalits of India. Okay.M. Munshi, Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer, Muhammed Saadullah, N Madhava Rao and Gopala Swami Ayyangar had been the opposite six members of the committee. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the primary President of India, was the president of the Drafting Committee.


The Indian Structure is the longest one on the earth and is the second-largest energetic Structure. It has 470 articles in 25 components and 12 schedules with 5 appendices. It had 395 articles in 22 components and eight schedules, initially. Additions occurred by means of amendments or modifications to the Structure.

Separation of Powers

The Structure of India lays down the distinctions within the political energy construction within the nation between the Centre and the states. It supplies for the checks and balances between the organs of the federal government, specifically, the Judiciary, the Government and the Legislature, to stop the focus of energy in a single explicit department.


The preamble to the Structure of India declares India to be a ‘Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic republic,’ having a parliamentary governance system. Six basic rights, specifically, the fitting to equality, liberty, proper in opposition to exploitation, freedom of faith, cultural and academic rights, and proper to constitutional treatments, are recognised by the Indian Structure.

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